A pregnancy diet is very much essential for the baby as well as for the mother. The second month begins after 4 or 5 weeks of pregnancy. Most of the women cross 1st month and yet they don’t realize that they are pregnant. During this time, nutrition is the most important thing for a baby to develop normally and healthily.
In the second month of pregnancy, the mother may suffer from morning sickness which will be turned off food. But you should persist in your eating because nutrition plays a vital role in second-month pregnancy.
In the second month of pregnancy, the neural tube starts forming which is later develops into the baby’s brain, spinal cord, and nerves. The primary circular system and heartbeat also grew during this period.
So every pregnant woman should take an extra bit of care about their diet like what should they eat and shouldn’t.
2-month Pregnancy Food Chart
Foods To Eat:
1. Folic Acid
Folate or folic acid is one of the B vitamins and the most crucial nutrition which should take in 5 weeks of pregnancy. It facilitates the normal and healthy development of the neural tube.
In the second month, it’s essential to consume folic acid supplements, or else it will result in the improper development of the baby’s neural tube or preterm born. You should consume about 400mcg vitamins daily during the second month of pregnancy.
Foods such as spinach, cereal, and beans are rich in folic acid.
Iron is most important for both mother and baby. During this period blood supply increases in the mother’s body to support the baby. So, if the mother doesn’t consume enough iron, then she will feel tired all the time and develop anemia.
Insufficient iron consumption may cause:
- Low-weight baby
- Newborn death
and the mother may feel depressed during the pregnancy.
If the mother is anemic later in pregnancy, there will be a high risk of blood loss while giving birth. So you should consume about 27mg of iron per day when you are aware of your pregnancy.
Many made a mistake by thinking they can get some iron from food but that’s not sufficient. So you should take iron supplements after speaking of your OB-GYN(obstetrician-gynecologist).
Some of the Iron-rich foods are,
- Dark green leafy vegetables
- Dried fruits
- egg yolk
- salmon & tuna
- nuts and almonds
- soybeans, kidney beans, dried beans, lima beans, and peas
- brown rice, oats, millet, and wheat
- lean meat
During the second month of pregnancy, your baby’s bone started ossifying for which you need calcium. You should consume 1000 mg of calcium per day which you can quickly get from your regular calcium-rich foods such as all dairy products and leafy vegetables.
You should take extra protein when you are aware of your pregnancy. Protein ensures the proper blood supply to the baby and facilitates the normal development of muscles in the baby. You can get protein from fat cottage cheese and fish. You should consume about 75gm to 100gm of protein per day.
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Foods To Avoid
1. Soft cheese
It contains “E. coli”, also known as Escherichia coli which is a rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic, coliform bacterium of the genus Escherichia. It will increase the risk of infection or pregnancy complications. Escherichia coli is usually found in the lower intestine of warm-blooded organisms.
2. Raw eggs
Raw or lightly cooked eggs should be strictly avoided during pregnancy because it’s having a risk of salmonella infection which can be dangerous for both mother and baby.
Consumption of alcohol may lead to congenital disabilities. So it’s better that you should completely avoid it.
The liver is rich in iron. If you thinking to take the liver to increases your iron, then it may be dangerous to you because it contains retinol and it may lead to miscarriage.
5. Unpasteurized Milk
Try to avoid consuming unpasteurized milk because milk contains microorganisms and pathogens that put your health at risk. Unpasteurized milk also contains salmonella and other bacteria, so it’s better to keep a distance from it for the time being.
Apart from the above foods, you should strictly avoid processed meats, raw fish, and cooking dough.
If you are a big fan of cakes, biscuits, cookies, chips, and candy, then it should be kept to a minimum as it contains high sugar and fat.